Everyone is familiar with a mortgage, an industry term for a loan given to allow an individual to purchase a home. If a mortgage is a loan taken on the value of your home and the promise to pay a monthly rate in the future, a remortgage is attaining a mortgage on your home or property after you have already attained one.
Types of Remortgages
Remortgages come in a variety of arrangements and structures. The most common is a Standard Variable Rate (SVR). A Standard Variable Rate is a remortgage where the interest floats upon the market rate. Even under this variable rate, however, the first few months are typically fixed below market to entice you to take on the loan.
The other major type of remortgage is a Fixed Rate Mortgage. Fixed Rate Mortgages differ from SVR’s insofar as the interest rate is determined and remains flat from the beginning. This type of loan is more dependable, insofar as you know exactly what your payments will be from start to finish, but it is more risky in that you may end up paying too much if rates fall (or too little if they rise). As a result of this increased risk, banks typically charge a slightly higher rate for fixed rate remortgages.
There are also a wide variety of intermediary remortgaging options. Lending options like capped rate, tracker, and droplock loans are all variations on remortgages which blend some aspects of variable rate and fixed rate mortgages.
Reasons to Remortgage
Remortgages are in many ways identical to a mortgage. It involves you presenting your financial situation, your need, and the collateral (your property) to a lender. Borrowers must convey a strong case for why their loan is a good risk for the lender. But unlike mortgages, where almost always the sole reason for the loan is to enable you to purchase a home, the reasons for taking a remortgage are quite varied.
The primary reason why individuals remortgage is to take advantage of lowering interest rates. Many mortgage holders can attain lower interest rates either because the prevailing interest rate has falling across the lending industry, their personal credit and financial situation has improved (meaning that lenders can now have more confidence in them), or because the equity they have placed in their home has reduced the total exposure of the loan and made the loan less risky for investors.
The second major reason why people remortgage their property is to raise significant amounts of cash quickly. The most popular method of doing this is through cash out refinancing. This essentially means attaining a new loan for the full amount of your home. You can then use the money that you attain through this loan to pay off the remaining portion of your existing home loan and pocketing the difference.
Improving your Home
Another reason why people engage in remortgages is to free up some cash for another venture. This typically involves taking out a smaller loan against the value of your home, in effect a second mortgage, which will give you money to improve your home.
Consolidate your Debts
The final major reason for remortgaging is to consolidate debts. Often borrowers have accumulated debts from a variety of different sources, home mortgage, credit cards, car loans, etc. These loans can be difficult to keep up with and many often carry high or varying interest rates. As a result many individuals find significant savings as well as increased convenience in compiling all of these loans into a single remortgage loan.